LaGuardia Airport (LGA) is one of the New York metropolitan area's three primary commercial airports. Encompassing 680 acres in the New York City Borough of Queens, LGA is a major domestic airport located just minutes from Manhattan, the nation's financial center, and serves a metropolitan area of approximately 19 million people. The airport borders on Flushing and Bowery Bays in northern Queens. It is an integral part of this region's economic activity and serves a key role in the transportation of people and goods.
LGA was opened as a commercial airport in 1939. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey began operating LGA in 1947. The airport consists of four passenger terminals and maintains two main runways. In 2013, LGA served a record 26.7 million passengers through its 71 contact gates.
LGA is a major source of economic activity for the Borough of Queens as well as the New York City region. LGA employs approximately 10,000 people, and contributes more than $13.6 billion in economic activity to the NY/NJ metropolitan region, generating about 103,000 local jobs and $4.9 billion in annual wages and salaries.
The Central Terminal Building opened to the public in 1964 with a design capacity of 8 million annual air passengers (enplaned and deplaned). Modernized and expanded to approximately 835,000 square feet of floor space in the 1990s, the six-block long terminal consists of a four-story central section, two three-story wings, and four concourses that can accommodate up to 35 aircraft gate positions.
The CTB faces a wide variety of challenges to both airside and landside operations. There are inadequacies in several areas of the CTB and its support facilities. The CTB parking garage (P2) is approaching the end of its useful life, and will require significant investment simply to maintain a state of good repair. The CTB's frontage roads do not meet industry design standards and are overly congested during peak periods. Its aircraft ramp constrains aircraft movement, resulting in delays, higher costs, and inefficiencies. The CTB itself suffers from severe spatial constraints; its design prevents airlines from using more modern, fuel efficient and environmentally friendly planes. Today's fleet of larger aircraft deliver passenger loads that are well in excess of the CTB's original design, with deficiencies throughout the concourses in hold room capacity, circulation, concessions, and rest rooms. Certain infrastructure is at the end of its useful life and cannot adequately serve current and future airport demands.
LGA is undergoing an extensive capital redevelopment program in an effort to provide world-class airport facilities for passengers and airlines alike. The Program is expected to include the demolition of the existing CTB and associated infrastructure and the construction of a new 1.3 million square foot, 35 gate terminal building; a new aeronautical ramp; frontage roads that will serve the new terminal; a new central heating and refrigeration plant; and other utilities and site improvements. These project elements will be constructed, operated, maintained and partially financed by a private developer that will be selected by the Port Authority via its procurement process. In addition, the developer will design and construct new airport roadway systems, utilities in the Central Terminal Area, and the West Parking Garage. In 2013, roughly 13 million passengers passed through Terminal B, also a record.
The Port Authority will also undertake certain supporting projects that have independent utility and will support airlines and passengers across the entire airport including the construction of utilities; the demolition of Hangars 2 and 4; the construction of the new East Parking Garage; and the installation of runway safety enhancements.
On October 26, 2012, the LGA CTB Request for Qualifications (RFQ) and Project Briefing Book were released by Port Authority Procurement. To access information about the Procurement process, click here.
On July 26, 2013, four firms were selected as a result of the RFQ and invited to submit Requests for Proposals. Click here to see the firms.
On March 10, 2014, due to procurement violations, Proposer Aerostar New York Holdings, LLC was disqualified from the RFP Process.
A Finding Of No Significant Impact (FONSI) decision for the environmental assessment from the FAA was received on December 11, 2014, a major milestone critical to the demolition of the existing hangars 2 & 4 and ancillary support buildings. Please click here for the final environmental assessment document.
There are three major functional areas of the existing Terminal B: landside, terminal and airside. Each has deficiencies that cannot be fixed by rehabilitating the existing building:
Starting with the frontage curbs, sufficient weather protected curb length will be provided for arriving and departing passengers. The departures level will provide a wide sidewalk used for curbside check-in. The check-in hall is anticipated to have more open space. It is also anticipated that two passenger screening areas, called Security Screening Check Points (SSCP) will be located at the east and west end of the check-in hall. All bags will be screened in a modern in-line baggage screening area, out of passengers' sight. It will also have the flexibility to respond to technological changes. The concourses will be larger and more comfortable, with traditional attendant assisted check-in counters and self-service kiosks, while meeting energy and sustainability requirements. Ninety percent of concessions will be located after passenger screening in the Concourses where passengers prefer them.
The phased implementation of the infrastructure and terminal will provide infrastructure and new gates to come into service before the opening of the new check-in hall, which opens several years before the existing Terminal B's demolition. Overall, the phased program is not expected to be complete until 2021.
The Port Authority will enter into a Public-Private Partnership, through a competitive selection process, with a team that will design, build, finance, operate and maintain the new Terminal B. Construction of two garages, infrastructure and roadways surrounding the new Terminal B will be the Port Authority's responsibility.
This is a multi-billion dollar program. The funding plan is still being developed but funding could be provided from a variety of sources including: private sector financing; funds generated by the FAA's Passenger Facility Charges; revenue from concessions; rents and fees.
The number of airlines operating from the Terminal B and the number of markets served could vary based on market and economic conditions, as is the case today. However, it is likely that the degree of variability will be small as the FAA currently caps the number of airport flights.
Port Authority requirements meet or exceed all governmental or industry guidelines for environmentally friendly and sustainable buildings. The new terminal will be designed in accordance with the Port Authority's Sustainable Building Guidelines. As mandated by the Port Authority's Sustainability Policy. Additionally, the project will be designed to achieve a minimum requirement of Silver under the LEED 2009 rating system, with a target rating of Gold.
It is anticipated that the program will provide dedicated roadway frontage and terminal spaces at ground level in the new Terminal B for buses, vans and other high occupancy vehicles (HOVs). In addition, on-airport bus and HOV operations will benefit from roadway improvements to traffic flows on airport.
The hours of airport operation are not expected to be affected by construction activities.
Construction will be phased to maintain airport activities and the number of flights are not anticipated to be affected during construction.
The Port Authority is committed to ensuring stakeholders are informed about the project and its benefits and potential impacts. We will be holding various meetings with impacted residents and local organizations throughout the duration of the project to provide information, build collaborative relationships, and answer questions. We encourage you to track progress with us by checking back regularly on the Progress tab.
To access information about the Procurement process, click here.
LGA is undergoing an extensive capital redevelopment program in an effort to provide world-class airport facilities for passengers and airlines alike. The Program is expected to include the demolition of the existing CTB and associated infrastructure and the construction of a new 1.3 million square foot, 35 gate terminal building; a new aeronautical ramp; frontage roads that will serve the new terminal; a new central heating and refrigeration plant; and other utilities and site improvements.
Click here to access the Final Environmental Assessment document.
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