Jersey City’s Journal Square started as the Summit Avenue station on the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. It was renamed Journal Square in the 1920s, as the area began to blossom.
The Journal Square Transportation Center (JSTC) was designed to house not only the PATH station but also a large bus terminal, the first comprehensive transportation center for Jersey City. Before it was built, the buses serving the city and the surrounding towns collected and discharged passengers on the unsheltered pavements of the Square. JSTC was designed with the same idea that had worked so well at the Port Authority Bus Terminal during the 1950s.
In 1973, the PATH station entrance opened. In April 1974, the office tower opened, and in November the same year, the bus terminal opened. In October 1975, the facility was dedicated. The JSTC cost a total of $126 million ($87 million in PA funds and $39 million in federal funds).
Today, JSTC serves as the administrative headquarters for the PATH system. As a coordinated public transportation facility, with a rail rapid transit station, an off-street bus terminal, parking, and a ten-story office building, JSTC – like the original World Trade Center in lower Manhattan – is an early example of what is now called transit-oriented development.
On September 20, 1972, the Cornerstone Dedication for JSTC took place, with Jersey City Mayor Paul T. Jordan, Urban Mass Transit Administration (now the Federal Transit Administration) Deputy Administrator William S. Allison, New Jersey Governor William T. Cahill, and Port Authority Chairman James C. Kellogg (in above photo preparing to cement the cornerstone).